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14 Nov 2016

Colonoscopy


A medical intervention for a healthy gut!

In today’s modern stressful life, the medical dictionary is flooded with new terminologies, a lot of them are linked to some or the other types of digestive tract illnesses. Under such despairing circumstances, it is wise to make proactive health decisions than remain resistant to the idea to good health. Colonoscopy is one among several screening tests done to check for presence of cancer or polyps.

Colonoscopy provides the clinician with a clear view of the internal lining of a person’s large intestine. The colonoscope is a fine flexible tube attached with a camera at its tip for taking pictures and videos of the colon. The procedure requires an initial prep of over a day a doctor recommendations. People are advised to on a fluid diet to clear the colon before the test. Older people above 50 years who are more at a risk having colorectal cancer recommended to undergo this procedure. The test is also suggested to patients with following symptoms:

  • Dark stools or blood in stools
  • Iron deficient anaemia
  • Incessant diarrhoea
  • Drastic weight loss
  • Chronic stomach pain
  • Irritable bowel disease (IBD) such as Ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease

Pregnant women and patients with diverticulitis are however advised against colonoscopy unless there is a compelling condition line an abnormal CT scan or MRI reports.

Diseases of Colon: Medlineplus

Colonoscopy is generally performed by a gastroenterologist. The procedure is not painful but might cause mild to moderate discomfort. Sedatives are given to put the person at ease and induce sleep. When the colonoscope moves up the intestinal canal, there may be belly cramping and/or flatulence (gas formation). In case any abnormal growth is observed, tissue samples are collected for further biopsy to ascertain to any pathological changes. The entire procedure lasts for less than an hour. Taking a barium enema before the test, not prepping well for the test, having had multiple colon surgeries and iron supplements obstruct the view of colon, giving faulty results.

There are slight chances that the tube or the smaller tools used while conducting the test might injure the intestinal lining and cause bleeding. A person should seek immediate medical intervention, if they experience dizziness, acute stomach pain, excessive rectal bleeding or has high temperature and vomiting post a colonoscopy.

Sample Results of a Colonoscopic Test: webmd.com

Clinical diagnostic aids like colonoscopy help in efficiently detecting any life threatening abnormality of the colon like polyps in the colonic tract, any pre-cancerous growth and colorectal cancer. A routine check-up for those falling under normal risk age group (>50 years) is recommended for early detection and prevention of any serious health condition of the colorectum. Koya Stopiles in Hyderabad, and now in Bangalore, perform colon cleansing procedure to clean the colon from any waste, thus irrigating the colon and preparing the patient for a potential colonoscopic examination.




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